Saturday, 4 May 2019

Ruling On Sighting The Moon For Ramadan (Quran and Hadith)

Beginning of Ramadhan fasting is by sighting the new moon (Crescent). Ramadhan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar, and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a month of fasting (Sawm) to commemorate the first revelation of the Qur'an to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) during the month of Ramadan which has been referred to as the "best of times". 

The first revelation was sent down on Laylat al-Qadr (The night of Power) which is one of the five odd nights of the last ten days of Ramadan.

This annual observance is one of the Five Pillars of Islam. The month lasts 29–30 days based on the visual sightings of the crescent moon, according to numerous biographical accounts compiled in the hadiths.

While fasting from dawn until sunset, Muslims refrain from consuming food, drinking liquids, smoking, and engaging in sexual relations. 

Muslims are also instructed to refrain from sinful behavior that may negate the reward of fasting, such as false speech (insulting, backbiting, cursing, lying, etc.) and fighting except in self-defense. Pre-fast meals before dawn are referred to as Suhoor, while the post-fast breaking feasts after sunset are called Iftar. 

Spiritual rewards (thawab) for fasting are also believed to be multiplied within the month of Ramadan. Fasting for Muslims during Ramadan typically includes the increased offering of solaat (prayers), recitation of the Qur'an and an increase of doing good deeds and charity.

The Qur'an On Sighting Of The Moonَ

“They ask you about the crescents. Say: They are but signs to mark fixed periods of time in the affairs of men and for pilgrimage.”

(Surah Al Baqarah 2:189)

"So whoever among you sights the crescent on the first night of the month of Ramadhan, he must observe saum that month.”

(Suratul Al-Baqarah 2:185)

Hadith On Sighting Of The Moon

The 3 methods to determine the beginning of Ramadhan

1. Sighting the new crescent moon.

Narrated by Abdullahi Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "Do not observe Saum (fasting) before the advent of Ramadan Observe Saum at sighting of the crescent of Ramadan and terminate it at sighting the crescent (of Shawwal) If the sky is overcast complete (the month as) (thirty days)

(Jami at- Tirmidhi)

2. Accepting the Testimony of a Trustworthy Person.

Narrated by Abdullaah Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) that “During the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) the companions went looking for the new crescent. So I told the Messenger of Allaah (Pbuh) that I saw it. So he fasted and told the companions to fast.”

[Sunan Abu Dawud]

Narrated by Abdullaahi Ibn Abas (may Allaah be pleased with him) that An Arab Man came to the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) and said, ‘I have sighted the New moon of Ramadan. The Messenger of Allaah (Pbuh) said to him, "Do you declared that there is none to be worship but Allaah?” The Arab man said, ‘Yes.’ He asked him again, "Do you declared that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah?" The man said ‘Yes.’ The Messenger of Alllaah (Pbuh) then said, "O Bilal! Inform people to commence fasting tomorrow "

(Sahih Bukhari)

3. To complete the Month as 30 Days When it is Overcast and the Moon Was not Sighted.

Narrated by Abu Hurairah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings be upon him) said: “Fast when you see the new moon (of Ramadan) and break your fast when you see the new moon (of Shawwal.) If clouds prevent you from seeing it, complete thirty days in the month of Shaban (the one that precedes Ramadan).
(Sahih Muslim).

Supplication Upon Sighting The New Moon

Allaahu 'Akbar, Allaahumma 'ahillahu 'alayna bil'amni wal'eemaani, wassalaamati wal-'Islaami, wattawfeeqi limaa tuhibbu, Rabbanaa wa tardhaa, Rabbunaa wa Rabbukallaah.

(Allaah is the Most Great. O Allaah, bring us the new moon with security and Faith, with peace and in Islam, and in harmony with what our Lord loves and what pleases Him. Our Lord and your Lord is Allaah.)

(Jami at-Tirmidhi)

  1. buy a moon calendar...want year 3000...already know...too funny


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